What is COVID-19 Coronavirus Rapid Test Cassette?
COVID-19 rapid test identifies the body's response to coronavirus after the onset of infection, and gives a qualitative yes/no result within 10 minutes.
What is Coronavirus (COVID-19)
COVID-19 is an infectious disease that can affect your airways and lungs, caused by the most recently discovered coronavirus.
This infectious disease was unknown until the recent outbreak which originated in China in late 2019. At time of writing, cases of COVID-19 continue to rise daily across the globe.
The most common symptoms associated with COVID-19 are fever, tiredness and a dry cough, but symptoms can take up to 14 days to appear so it is difficult to know if someone has been infected ahead of these conditions appearing. In the meantime, infected people can spread the virus unknowingly.
Who is this COVID test for?
This test is CE marked for Professional use only. SureScreen's COVID-19 rapid test identifies the body's response to coronavirus after the onset of infection, and gives a qualitative yes/no result within 10 minutes.
Implementing rapid screening for COVID-19 has huge time and cost savings when compared to laboratory screening, and will help to control the spread of the virus by identifying infection rapidly and accurately.
The test cassette is easy to use, needing only a finger-prick sample to function, much like a blood glucose test.
As well as whole blood, the cassette can also be run with serum or plasma samples.
How does the test cassette work?
The test is a lateral flow immunoassay test and operates in a similar way to a pregnancy test. Embedded into the test strip are antibodies that bind to a COVID-19 specific biomarker, Immunoglobulin G (IgG), and another infection biomarker, Immunoglobulin M (IgM). When a sample (blood, serum or plasma) is added to one end of the test, it flows along the test strip and interacts with these antibodies. If the patient has contracted COVID-19, the biomarkers in their blood will bind to the antibodies on the test strip, leaving a visible test line. If the patient doesn’t have COVID-19, no biomarkers should be present in their blood and no test line will be visible. There are separate test lines for IgG and IgM and only one needs to be visible for a positive result.
What are IgG and IgM?
Immunoglobulins are antibodies themselves and are part of our immune system. When we get an infection, such as COVID-19, immunoglobulins are produced, which attach to the virus and activate the rest of the immune system to attack and clear the virus. IgM is the first immunoglobulin to be produced and is a general antibody that can bind to many different types of pathogen. The presence of IgM is an indicator of early infection. IgG is a more specialised antibody that specifically binds to the SARS-CoV-2 virus. The presence of IgG is an indicator of later stage infection (usually 7 days or longer after infection).
Is the test specific for COVID-19?
The IgG that the test detects is specific to COVID-19, so a positive result would indicate COVID-19 infection. Although the IgM is a more generalised antibody, its presence, combined with IgG and/or the common symptoms of COVID-19, would also indicate infection with the novel SARS-CoV-2 virus. The test can be used for primary and secondary diagnosis of COVID-19.
Can the test detect asymptomatic patients?
Yes, the test will be able to detect IgM/IgG in asymptomatic people, as they will have an immune response even though they don’t display symptoms. The timeline of infection will be the same as someone displaying symptoms.
How accurate is the test?
- Sensitivity > 91%
- Specificity > 99%
- Accuracy > 97%
This clinical study is evidence of the usability and effectiveness of the test.
Is the test CE marked?
Yes, the COVID-19 test is CE marked for professional use
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